Named from fossilized coral that can be found around waterways, the Hamlet of Coral Harbour is located in Nunavut and is situated on bedrock ridges atop tidal flats at the head of South Bay on Southampton Island in Hudson Bay, Canada. Seeing this area of the Kivalliq Region from satellite view expresses pristine Canadian Arctic beauty, gathered by the geological formation of limestone intermixed with the North Atlantic Ocean.
Native inhabitants call this place Salliq, which was once home to the Sadlermiut Inuit. They ultimately perished from disease contracted from European whalers who subsequently brought people in from Wager Bay and Repulse Bay, or Naujaat, along with Inuit from Baffin Island and Northern Quebec. During World War II, the Canadian and United States militaries built an airfield here, which was later taken over by the federal Department of Transport.
Coral Harbour is one of the best places in Nunavut to see marine wildlife. The present community of Coral Harbour was formed in 1924 with the establishment of a Hudson’s Bay Company trading post, previously located on Coats Island, a widely known resting place for walruses. For bird watchers, the East Bay Migratory Bird Sanctuary and the Harry Gibbons Bird Sanctuary are must visits. Snow geese, tundra swans, sandhill cranes, and other species migrate to the area in the spring.
Harvesting the land’s rich resources makes Coral Harbour a definite home for many artisans who work their wonder in ivory, whalebone, duffle, print, soapstone, and seal skin. Inuits here are in pursuit of providing services, creating businesses, and promoting tourism.